Cancer is uncontrolled growth of the cells. The cells in our body have a property of dividing and multiplying. Each cell has a distinct time period for this activity of division and multiplication. When any cell of the body changes its nature and starts dividing and multiplying at a very fast pace, this condition is called Cancer. The cells change their nature due to chronic irritation. In Lung Cancer, the cells of lungs start to behave erratically due to chronic irritation by smoke. "People who smoke have the greater risk of lung cancer. Lung cancer can also occur in people who have never smoked. The risk of lung cancer increases with the length of time and number of cigarettes you've smoked. If you quit smoking even after smoking for many years you can significantly reduce your chances of developing lung cancer", says Dr Keerat Kaur Sibia, Pulmonologist and Lung Specialist at Bahra Hospital, Mohali.
Symptoms of lung cancer appear very late when the disease is in an advanced stage. The symptoms may include shortness of breath, blood in sputum, persistent cough, chest pain, hoarseness of voice, unintended weight loss etc. Smokers should try to quit smoking. Those who smoke should exercise for 1-2 hours everyday so that the lungs can repair themselves. Eating a diet full of fruits and vegetables would also help in preventing lung cancer.
Submillimeter scanning in the form of High Resolution Lung CT Scan is one of the best diagnostic test for finding out even very small lesions in the lungs. The sputum can be tested in the laboratory for presence of cancer cells. If these tests indicate the presence of Lung Cancer then Bronchoscopic biopsy can be taken from the lungs to confirm the diagnosis. If Lung cancer has been confirmed through these tests then stage of the cancer has to be found out. For this you might have to undergo CT Scan / MRI Scan / PET Scan of the whole body / Bone Scan. These tests would indicate the spread of cancer to other body parts which helps in establishing the stage of the cancer. There are five stages of Cancer - 0 to 5. At stage 0, the cancer is localized in the lungs and the treatment would be easier. As the stage increases, the treatment becomes difficult and the prognosis becomes poorer.
If the cancer is localized in the lungs then surgery is the best option. The surgery for lung cancer can be - Wedge Resection, Segmental Resection, Lobectomy or Pneumonectomy. If the tumour in the lungs is quite large then chemotherapy or radiotherapy might be advised before surgery to shrink the tumour. Post surgery some cycles of chemotherapy or radiotherapy might be required to prevent recurrence of the cancer.
Dr Keerat Kaur Sibia and Dr Piyush Mehta are extensively trained and the best Pulmonologist and Cancer Specialist in Punjab for the treatment of Lung Cancer at Bahra Hospital, Mohali. Treatment and cost of lung cancer depends upon the stage of the cancer that it is diagnosed in. In case of early diagnosis results are good and treatment may include chemotherapy or radiation or at times lung volume reduction surgery. However, if the case has been diagnosed at later stage then the cost may go up due to usage of patented oral chemotherapy or immunotherapy drugs. In later stages hospitalization also becomes frquest which adds to the cost of treatment of lung cancer
Bahra Superspecialty Hospital is the biggest private hospital in the Tricity of Mohali, Chandigarh and Panchkula. Spread over 12 acres, the hospital has 250 beds at present which can be expanded to 1000 beds. Mr. Gurvinder Singh Bahra who is one of the most distinguished educationist in India has setup this hospital in the Kharar area of Mohali, Punjab.
Bahra Hospital has been in the forefront of deploying cutting edge technology for the benefit of its patients. Our Intensive Care Units are equipped with the latest ventilators, monitors and other life saving equipments. The Radiology department has the ultrafast 32 Slice CT Scanner, Ultrasound, Colour Doppler and Digital X-Ray to provide all the diagnostic services inhouse.
Our team of doctors include some of the best medical professionals in the field of Neurosurgery, Neurology, Cardiology, Oncology, Gastroenterology, Pulmonology, Cosmetic Surgery, Orthopedics, Laparoscopic Surgery, Obgyn, Pediatrics, Internal Medicine, Critical Care, ENT, Skin, Psychiatry, Dental and Physical Therapy.
Spread over 12 acres campus, this is the biggest hospital in the Tricity. The hospital which currently has 250 beds will be expanded to 1200 beds. Watch this Virtual Tour
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